toeltolcn €olim VOL. LIV WELLESLEY, MASS., NOVEMBER 1, 1945 NO. 6 Tech Scientist Declares "Blithe Spirit" to Open Atomic World Demands r» o T ^.l i Constructive Federation Barn Season; Langheck Edwards, Taylor to Star Forum Committee Reports Frightening Possibilities Of Weapon Make Effective Organization Imperative "Public opinion is the only thing stronger than tne atomic bomb," declared Mr. Henry Rosen, scien- tist from M.I.T.. at a meeting of the heads of organizations called by the newly formed Forum Commit- tee on World Federation. Mr. Rosen discussed "The Need for Constructive Action in an Atomic World." The meeting was held Oc- tober 26 at Phi Sigma. , "There is a frightening sameness in every scientific report," Mt. Rosen said. "None doubt that the atomic bomb is the most powerful weapon ever created by man. Furthermore, scientists agree that there is absolutely no effective de- fense against it, nor can any be created within the next few years. The only counter to the invention of gunpowder proved to be more gunpowder. The atomic bomb sit- uation may be dreadfully similar." "Science has given man two clear-cut alternatives," Mr. Rosen pointed out. "We can sit back calm- ly and do nothing, although we know that through a false move in international diplomacy, one bomb may kill 40,000,000 Americans. Or else man can take the step the United Nations Charter did not succeed in taking to strengthen the political cooperation of the world by a world federation, with control over national sovereignty. As long as individual units, big or small, can be their own bosses, the nations of the world will bal- ance precariously between peace and war. With the atomic bomb in hand, this is a terrifying prospect." "Far from being an impractical idealist at this point," he said, "I believe the world is waiting for someone to take the lead in demand- ing world federation. The^ scien- tists, who did the impossible in five years, are calling for equal energy in public opinion." "It is up to people like you," he concluded, "to begin to round up public opinion. Our country, which is responsible for the bomb, is in the position to take the lead in de- manding: world federation. It is the force of public opinion that will make our country and other coun- tries act." Dorothy Nessler '47 is chairman of the newly formed Forum Com- mittee on World Federation, which has the twofold purpose of arous- ing Wellesley College thoroughly to the gravity of the situation created by the atomic bomb, and, through correspondence with other colleges, stimulating them to the formation of similar groups. The committee believes that the time for sovereignty is past! The atomic bomb has shown us that we (Continued on Page 3, Col. 1) Swim Clinic to Discuss Rules This Saturday What goes on behind the scenes at swimming: meets will be revealed to the general public at the Swim- ming Clinic Saturday, November 3, in the Recreation Building. From 1:00 to 3:00 the Swimming Committee of the Boston Board of Women Officials will discuss and demonstrate officiating at swim- ming contests. Speakers will be Miss Evelyn K. Dillon of the Wellesley Depart- ment of Hygiene and Physical Ed- ucation, Miss Jean Homewood of the Bouve Boston School of Physi- cal Education, Miss Rita Benson of Wheaton College^and Miss Anne Simmons of Boston University and Sargent College. Students Will See Result Museum School Prize To Wellesley Graduate Barbara Swan '43, Sells Work to Museum Director Studies, Teaches at Boston School of Fine Arts "Roosevelt financed my sum- mer," declared Barbara Swan, Wel- lesley '43. "Because of a commis- sion I got from a Boston high school's graduating class to do a portrait of the late President, I was able to concentrate all summer on painting, instead of getting just some job in a stuffy old office. Barbara, who is now studying and teaching at the Boston Muse- um School of Fine Arts, seems to have concentrated very successful- ly on painting. She entered one of her paintings in a Summer Com- petition contest sponsored by the Museum School, and won first prize. And a few days ago, she was notified that the director of the museum had bought her painting. "That was the most thrilling of all," she said. "I never hoped to sell anything to a museum director in my life. To have it happen now is almost unbelievable." "And," she declared, "winning the Museum School prize was just amazing. My painting was an ex- periment in three dimensional ab- stractions, about the first thing of its kind I had ever done." Her painting is now on exhibit at the Boston Museum, and it will con- tinue there during October and November, under the heading, "Se- lection of the Month." . Barbara, who is 23, has light brown hair, and looks almost digni- fied. "I'm sure it will ruin my career," she laughed. "It's very sad for an artist to look so respectable." While at Wellesley she was an BARBARA SWAN '43 art major, and was in the "very flourishing" portrait business. "It really got to be something," she declared. "I lived over in Pomeroy, in one of those small rooms, and when I was busy there just wasn't room for my portraits and me. No- body could visit me, much less room with me." She has experimented in almost every field of art, including sculp- ture, abstractions, lithographs, (Continued on Page S, Col. t) '47 Has Trouble National Parks °j Arduous Rehearsals Not to Reveal Lecture Topic "Colossal Show" Of Chapline Muffled mutterings, secret gath- erings, mysterious catch-phrases — people are beginning to wonder whether the Class of 1947 has gone mad. The fact is that the Junior class, with its finger to its lips, has seriously begun work on the production of what it calls "the most colorful show that Wel- lesley has ever seen." Wellesley will actually see The Show at 8:00 p.m. on Saturday, November 17 in Alumnae Hall. It all began on Thursday after- noon, October 25, when the script and song committees proudly pre- sented their magnum opus to their classmates for the first time. Since then, restraint has been a Junior pass-word, for tradition does not permit the release of any clue to the other classes. But keeping this secret is no easy matter, according to those who know. "It's so sensational, we want to scream about it," said one Junior. "But I guess we'll just have to scream at each oth- er." According to reports, this necessary deception is becoming a source of embarrassment, as it must be difficult for the unen- lightened to understand the con- stant exchange of knowing glanc- es, the uncompleted sentences, the interrupted humming of catchy tunes. As time goes on, say the Jun- iors, "we'll be acting more and more peculiarly." Tryouts are al- most finished, and rehearsals will undoubtedly bring new enthusiasm which must also be suppressed in public. Even the title must stay in its shroud until the last few days before the Show, and up to the zero hour, the Class of 1947 may speak only in superlatives and circumlocutions. Now that Miggs Ignatius and Jean Rowland with their script and song committees have com- pleted the arduous task of bring- ing the musical comedy into ex- istence, Ann Farley, Producer, and Maxine Bublitz, Director, (Continued on Page 6, Col. 5) W. R. Chapline, Chief of the Di- vision of Range Research, U. S. Forestry Service, discussed- nation- all Forests in a lecture to the Department of Botany Oct. 26 in Mr. W. R. Chapline and his daughter '46 Pendleton. Speaking earlier to the Department of Geography, Mr. Chapline pointed out the impor- tance of watershed conservation and management. Such conserva- tion is important, he said, to assure maximum use of the rainfall and orderly delivery of usable water in streams. National parks differ from na- tional forests, said Mr. Chapline, in that they preserve resources which can not be used commercial- ly, while the resources in the na- tional forests can be used by the United States Department of Agri- culture. Since none of the area within a national park may be touched, Mr. Chapline pointed out, the land re- mains in a stagnant condition. The only development allowed is roads and accommodations for tourists. By scientific use of the national forests for cattle and sheep graz- (Continued on Page 8, Col. 1) Rolfe Humphries, Poet, Lecturer Will Read Wbrks In Poet's Series Interest in Spanish Poetry Prompted Translation of Works of Villa, Felipe Rolfe Humphries, noted poet, will read selections from his works Tuesday, November 6, at 4:40 in Pendleton Hall. Mr. Humphries is the second poet to come to Wel- lesley in this year's Katharine Lee Bates series of Poet's Readings, sponsored by the Department of English Composition and organ- ized by Miss Elizabeth Wheeler Manwaring, Chairman of the De- partment. Awarded the Guggenheim Fel- lowship for Poetry in 1938, he travelled to Mexico, England, France, and Greece. In Mexico he became acquainted with two Spanish poets whose works he had previously translated — Jose Mor- eno Villa and Leon Felipe, and in France and England he made the acquaintance of such poets as Louis Aragon, Rafael Alberti and Stephen Spenser and Louis Mac- Neice. During; the years of 1938, '39, and '40 he was a member of the teaching staff of the Writer's Conference of the University of New Hampshire conducted in August of each year. Prompted by his interest in the Spanish poets, Mr. Humphries has made translations of numerous Spanish poems. With Mr. J. Ber- nadette he co-edited the book And Spain Sings, Fifty Loyalists Bal- lads, 19S7. His published volumes of original verse include Europa and other Poems and Sonnets, 1929, Lorca, 1940, Out o\f the Jewel, 1942, The Summer Landscape, 1944, and contributions of verse, reviews and critical articles to The New Yorker, The New Repub- lic, Poetry Nation, The Atlantic Monthly and the New York Times Book Review. Mr. Humphries began his college education at Amherst, but he at- tended Stanford for a year before returning to Amherst, where he played football and worked on the literary magazine. He received his A.B. degree cum laude from Amherst in 1914. After gradua- tion he taught Latin and coached football and baseball at a boy's school in San Francisco. In the first World War he served as a first lieutenant in the infantry, after which he returned to teach- ing. Friday and Saturday Blithe are the cast and the spirit as Barnswallows' production of the season swings into its final rehear- sals. Noel Coward's farce about a twice-married author whose first wife is brought back from the "other world" to haunt him is a dif- ficult play to produce, but the cast agrees that it is "wonderful fun." "Being Elvira, the ghostly first wife, is quite an experience," laughed Mardette Edwards '46, when we found her in the Green Room during a recent rehearsal. "In fact," she added, "I'm becoming a confirmed believer in the realm of the supernatural." Elvira and Blithe Spirit will convert even the most stubborn disbelievers, Mardy claims. Tall, distinguished looking Mr. Alec Robey, who plays the role of the haunted author, Charles, pro- tests that he is not quite converted as yet. "but," he admits, "seances and mediums have much to recom- mend them. I really wouldn't ques- tion anything," he remarked, "which can give me two wives." Although the rehearsal period for Blithe Spirit has been the shortest in Barn's history, the play promises to be a finished product tonight. A week ago rehearsals were still in the very amusing stage where the lights went off be- fore the switch was turned, a stepladder represented the grand piano, and Edith, the maid (Monkey Dunn), brought in ex- tra drinks in place of the after- dinner coffee. Costumes were an amazing com- bination of Blithe Spirit and cam- pus fashions, with Madame Arcati, the medium, played by Flo-Harriet Taylor, making her grand entrance dressed in an unbelievably fancy gown (latest model, procured from Students' Aid) plus white bobby socks and saddle shoes. Betty Lang- heck '46, as Ruth, Charles' second wife, limped about the stage in the highest of high heels, in an attempt to approach the towering height of Mr. Robey. And Mardy flitted about in Elvira-ish fashion, wear- ing ballet slippers. She will wear a ghostly grey — "what they wear in heaven," as she put it. Mr. A. Eldon Winkler, former di- rector of Barn, is expected to be here for the performance tomorrow night. o Phi Beta Kappa Hears Lectures On Geography At Initiation Ceremony Members of the class of 1946, elected to Phi Beta Kappa in their junior year, were initiated at the President's house Wednesday, Oc- tober 31. Dean Ella Keats Whit- ing, President of the Eta Chapter of Massachusetts of Phi Beta Kappa, formally initiated the new members at 7:30 p.m. After the ceremony, Miss Eliza- beth Eiselen and Miss Ada Espen- shade of the Department of Geography addressed the group on the function of geography during wartime and the post-war period. Miss Espenshade, who spent the past three years in Washington working with the Army Map Serv- ice, spoke of the geographical work accomplished in Washington, and of maps as tools of this science. Miss Eiselen discussed the contri- butions of geographical studies to national programs such as the Mis- souri Valley Authority. Miss Eiselen also worked in Washing- ton last summer. New members are Alice Birming- ham, Jean Harris, Patricia Smith, Kay Sears Hamilton, Dorothy Jones. Sabine Jessner, Nancy Pos- mantur Golden, and Naomi Bren- WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, NOVEMBER 1, 1945 Member ftssocided CoWefyde Press Distributor of Cblle6iate Di6est bility to arouse the necessary public opinion and demand World Federation. NT*0 FOR NATIONAL ADW««TI»INC National Advertising Service, Inc. Colltge Publishers RefTtsenttlive 420 Madison Ave. New York. N. Y. CHICAGO • BOfTOII • LOi AHOII.lt - SA* F»A«CIICO WELLESLEY, MASS., NOVEMBER 1, 1945 Published weekly. September to June, oxcepi during exaniinaUons and school vacation periods by a board of Students of Wellesley College. Subscriptions two dollars per annum In advance. Single copies six cents each AH contributions should be 1« the i News office by 12 noon Monday at the latest, and should be addressed I to Mary Alice Cullen. All advertising matter should be in the husineis office by 11:00 A. M. Saturday All Alumnae news should be sent to the Alumnae Offlce. Wellesley. Maes. Entered as second-class matter. October 10. 1919. at the Post Offlce at Wellesley Branch Boston. Mass.- under the act of March 8. 1379. Acceptance for ma line a fecial rates of postage provided for In section 1103. Act of October 1. 1917. authorised October 20. 1919. EDITORIAL BOARD KiUtnr.ln-Chlef Mary Alice Cullen ESS 1 ?.:: Bi-s-SraaS S.r s *.: ■.""aSssi.'sa: ««&■■■■ -SaMB Reporters .... Dorothy Nessler '47 ^"Si*. Mol ? Ellen Watson "47 Do i°H 1> ™°li Bea Alfke '48 Polly Piatt Sylvia Crane "47 Jean Rosencranz Assistant Beport^ ^^ ; -. Mary^tb Hurff Mies Ignatius '47 Carol Remmer Ruth Kulakofsky "48 Judy Sly Art Prltle Anna Campbell Music Critic * &TS ¥t2°t^ Literary Critic 'r'—N^h Movie CriUc D» J -M. n H,Kv Timmn. Critic Patricia Hatry Ca?t°onliil Mar y L " H °P klr ! s PhSographcr . Patricia Michaels BUSINESS BOARD Business Manager £ or , is r , Bl , erin E?I AdrerUsIng Manager Toni Palmerton Circulation Mnnager Jacquel ne Horn Credit Manager Evelyn Burr Assistant Circulation Manager .. Sally Brittingham Business Editors . . M..rjorie GlUHuaan Nancy Shapiro Assistant Business Editors M "carol ""mII FIGHT FOR IT The world is scared stiff. The tremendous energies of the war period left civilization with the atomic bomb on its hands, and with no strong international organization to cope with it. A world federation above national sovereignty is our one hope for an orderly world. Every able individual must work toward such a fed- eration with a total miracle of energy com- parable to that which produced the bomb. National sovereignty is the world's political stumbling block. After the first world war some men realized this. Many voiced hope that the immense and horrible scale of this las! war, and the very thought of its repeti- tion, would awaken and frighten nations into the formation of an extra-national organiza- i.ii. n. But the San Francisco Conference could not do it. We could only assume that even in this war the world had not suffered suffi- ciently to awaken it, that evidently only some- thing on the scale of world invasion could ter- rify present powers into relinquishing some of their immediate individual soverei untie- for what they know is the future solution. Since thru a potential world invasion has come in tin atomic bomb. In the most appalling statement of the post war period, President Truman admitted bluntly that the armament race is now on, but "I think we'll stay ahead." World federation means support of the United Nations as the insufficient most we have, but — go further! The present charter is not strong enough t<> integrate and control world powers. Nations must not balance precariously ii war and peace when one bomb left quietly in a telephone booth will wipe out 40 million people. An armament race, history bo war. Can world, watch an armament race in atomic bombs and not do " thing? Our statesmen cannol act until they have th> ni the country behind them. If ople of this country rise for World Federa- tion, it may come in two years, in 10 yei 20 i i i al nhl"- hope. Now is or it. Each of us at Wel- 1 re bears a world responsi- VETERANS VS. LABOR Within a relatively short time the veterans ol this war will constitute an influential pres- sure group in American politics. In many re- spects these men whose lives have been dis- rupted will require a powerful voice speaking on their behalf. Already we have reports of a waiting list of eight thousand veterans for a government housing project in Boston which is now predominately filled with war-workers. .Many of the veteran- have no jobs, and no place to nve. Then protests are desperate— and valid. They deserve to be heard. Bitter conflict between the pressure groups representing veterans and those of the unions seems to be inevitable. In the struggle each faction will almost certainly go to an extreme. This tendency does leave plenty of room for compromise on both sides; at the same time the basic demands often become so distorted that people lose sight of them. . . . Actually. what labor wants boils down to a job and a place to live. Veterans also want work and homes. The problem is that labor wants better jobs and cheaper homes, while many of the veterans are still without either. This increasing tension is of course an out- growth of the painful process of reconverting the American economic system to a peace-time basis which will be able to absorb the expan- sion necessitated by wartime activity. Vast unemployment is bound to occur for some time. Current estimates are that industry will be unable to achieve any appreciable reabsorption before spring. In the meantime, the outcry from all corners will become intensified. Half a loaf is better than none for everyone concerned. And even that will be lost if we fail to consider our own economic problems in light of the whole. Compromise and cooperation are imperative if chaos is to be averted. Probably the people most directly involved in the economic crisis will have the hardest time realizing the importance of this fact. Anyone who is fortunate enough not to have these particular worries carries an added obligation to further an intelligent understand- ing of them. And it is not exaggeration to maintain that we at Wellesley are fortunate. CONSTRUCTIVE OPTIMISM '•Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow comes the atomic bomb." Is this the attitude which characterizes the youth of today? It is far too easy, a tier listening to the reports of the difficulties facing such organizations as UXRRA and meetings such as the London Con- ference, to feel that there is no use in even attempting a United Nations Organization or thinking of a lasting peace. But, if these attempts do fail, it is upon this attitude that part of the blame must fall. Those of us at college hear innumerable times that it is our responsbility to make of the world a place where people can live — confident that it will not In ile.-troyed within a period of fifty or sixty year-. We are given the opportunity to hear speakers who know of the problems facing a world organization and how these prob- lems may be solved. If we do not take the opportunity to hear such men as Dr. Emerson, who .-poke on UXRRA and those who come under the auspices of Forum and the Mayling Soong Foundation, we have no righl to shrug our shoulders and say "Well, what's the use of thinking about the future of the world when it doesn't have any?" Too often lecture- are ignored unless they are marked "required" on our calendars'. If we do not have the time to hear and act con- structively on the suggestions of these people, we will not have the time to live our life to its fullesl extent. An attitude of false humility and pessimism will not excuse us. President Truman, m hi- Navy Day speech. -aid that even now the ten commandments have not become fully realized, but thai at the pres- ent time the world is more nearly governed by them than when they were first given to US. With the full implication of this remark in our thoughts, we must look to the future with some degree of optimism and do what we can to make a peaceful world an actuality. A Wellesley Girl and the Atomic Bomb Beyond the Campus by Ginny The poets have referred to our particular age group in such glow- ing terms that we ( are all likely to think of our-! selves as precious rosebuds just barely beginning to unfold our; petals. We may not be taken in completely by the , suggestion that; we are sweeter! than the cow- slips, but there is] an inspiration in being young and in looking for- ward to the kind of life that stret- ches out before us now. We have the usual unbounded hopes of youth and our own plans to use and continue the education we are now enjoying— plans that cover the many, many years we trust- ingly assume are ours. We may consider it, in these days, our peculiar debt to ourselves and to the rest of the human race to consider how we would feel if we were told that these lives of ours would be cut off abruptly in two to five years. In view of the terrifyingly sincere concurrence of scientific opinion on the potentiali- ties of the development of atomic energy, and in the light of the events in China and in other dis- turbed parts of the world, we may well consider this prospect in dead seriousness. Albert Einstein, who has been strangely right about many things, remarks in the latest Atlantic Monthly, "As long as there are sovereign nations pos- sessing great power, war is inevit- able . . . Perhaps two thirds of the earth might be killed." And there certainly still are sovereign nations. The present United Na- tions organization, although it has made many strides, has not made the necessary inroads on the re- actionary principle of national sovereignty. Anytime a nation doesn't like what UNO does, it may withdraw. A withdrawal of an important power, and the war that would inevitably ensue, would mean utter devastation, if the technique of making atomic bombs is common knowledge. The scien- tists of all nations will have it figured out soon, if we do not dis- close it of our own good will. If we decide to keep it a secret as long as we can, under the May- Johnson bill proposed, a commis- Guild 'U6 sion might be set ud which could impose fines of up to $300,000 and imprisonment up to thirty years for wilful disclosure of re- stricted information. Oppenhei- mer testified that such an arrange- ment might prevent the teaching of nuclear atomic theory. "It could stop science dead in its tracks," he asserted. People have been muttering hopefully that all the nations will be so afraid of retaliation by ato- mic bomb that they will not dare use it on any other nation. They cite the withholding of poison gas in this last war. It is well to consider that poison gas had not the quality to destroy almost the whole victim and. to reduce a na- tion to a condition where it is unable to retaliate. The magazine Life is aroused enough to print, "A world in which atomic weap- ons will be owned by sovereign nations, and security against agression will rest on the fear of retaliation, will be a world of fear, suspicion and almost inevit- able final catastrophe." It is im- probable that any adequate defen- sive weapon can be contrived. Life writes, "No opportunity for perfection of defensive weapons will be given in the case of atomic bomb attack." If we have any interesting plans for the future at all, we can and must do something to insure them. .The column takes the liberty to swerve from a strictlyy "Beyond the Campus" line and points out a few of the steps we may take here on the Campus. Public opinion, as Mr. Rosen pointed out last Friday, is the only effective weapon against the atomic bomb. We are not only public opinion in ourselves, but we can help to make public opinion among other groups of the population — our parents, our friends outside college, and the people we meet on the sub- way. We can work with the sub- committee under Forum (which needs your support and help) to spread the conviction of the abso- lute need for a super-state to which the nations will surrender enough sovereignty to put an end to the horror of atomic wars. We can talk it over with our parents who can spread influence in their com- munities. We can co-operate with similar programs in other colleges. We can let the world know that college students want to live the rest of their lives — and live them in peace. FREE PRESS The Editors do not hold them- selves responsible for statements in tins column. All contributions for this column must be signed with the full name of the author. Initials or numerals ivill be used if the xvriter so de- sires. Contributions should be in the hands of the Editors by noon Saturday. Owing to space limita- tions, letters should be limited to two hundred words. 0- To the Editor: We read with great interest Elizabeth Buchanan's letter in Nbwb about C.A., Chapel, and the possibility of a full-time chaplain. We, too, feel that someone is need- ed to fill the position suggested, and would like to enlarge upon this idea. It seems to us that the duties such a person would assume are now distributed among the faculty, deans, and the resident psychia- trist. The faculty, however, is really too busy to cope with this situation; the deans are over-bur- dened with administrative prob- lems; and the psychiatrist meets only a specialized portion of the need. Therefore, we feel a definite 2) 3) want of a man or woman whose principal concerns should be: 1) to assume the responsibili- ties of a full-time all-college spiritual adviser, acting in a non-sectarian capacity, but not necessarily a minister, to advise and guide students desiring his counsel, yet al- lowing the real psychologi- cal problems to be handled by the college psychologist, eventually to coordinate C.A. and Chapel services and the personal religious develop- ment of students. We hope that this suggestion will be given consideration, because this lack, felt not only by Eliza- beth Buchanan, but by many other students, may be satisfied by such a personal counselor. College thus may become a still more meaning- ful and worthwhile period in our lives. Signed: Elizabeth E. Evans Helen Schwartz '47 Winona Mileham '47 Jean Lamb '47 Virginia Richie '48 Zenda Lewis '48 Susan Blowney '48 '47 WFXLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, NOVEMBER 1, 1945 De Lubersac Tells of Friends Donate Buchenwald Atrocities Viable Books To College Libe French Leader Declares Propaganda Still Effective German propaganda is still as effective as it is pernicious, de- clared Count Raoul de Lubersac iji his speech here October 25. The count, who is in the United States on a special mission for the French Ministry of Informa- tion, described his own interne- ment at Buchenwald to prove his thesis. Count de Lubersac pointed out that many Americans still feel that there are many good Ger- mans and that the masses of the German people were completely unaware of the Nazi plan to ex- terminate all non-German peoples. He feels that this feeling is a false and dangerous one and that the German people were not ig- norant of the atrocities of the Nazis. "Buchenwald has been in existence since 1933,'' the Count said. "Since 1940 trains have been going through German towns twice a week carrying prisoners to the 150 German concentration camps." Other trains carrying Jews and Slavs to extermination camps were regularly in evidence. The managers of Buchenwald were the "good Germans" who pre- sumably should lead their country toward a better future. Yet these men greeted the deportees of which the speaker was one with the announcement that they were nof, men anymore, but numbers. They were there to die, but before they died they must work for Ger- many. "There were five thousand SS men at Buchenwald at one time. They were relieved every six months by new groups. There were 150 camps like Buchenwald in Germany. Therefore there were many thousands of Germans who participated acti.vely in atrocity crimes," the Count declared. "Be- cause these SS men must have boasted of their activities to their families," he insisted, "it is absurd to imagine that the civilians knew nothing of organized programs for starvation and ktfling. The fact that Mein gampf, in which Hitler Atomic Bomb - (Continued from Page 1) must either unite or perish. It is not trying to abolish the United Nations Organization, but it is working to arouse public opinion to the point of correcting the al- ready existing defects, so that a real world organization can be created. At an open college meeting, held Tuesday night in the Munger living room, the general organization of Wellesley students working for world federation was Dlanned. At the core of the Wellesley campaign wil be an advisory board with a representative from each organiza- tion on campus, so that every or- ganization will be able to cooperate in this movement. The real tasks, however, will be done through the working committee, for which many more volunteers are still needed. Those interested should contact Dorothy Nessler, Susan Morse, or Virginia Beach at Mun- ger. The committee declares "We, each of us individually, and the col- lege as a whole, have a great deal of influence. We can, and must, start the ball for world federation rolling. As citizens of America who have the opportunity of education, it is up to us. To those to whom much is given, much is demanded. Every person who believes in world federation must work, and work hard. As was said at the Dublin, N. H. Conference, 'there is no time to lose'.'' THE POWDER PUFF 59 CENTRAL ST. Hair-Styling - Waving Cutting - Manicuring Siiecializes in Cold Waving New Pin Curl Permanent MAHOGANY GIFT SHOP UNUSUAL GIFTS for ALL OCCASIONS 64 Central Street WELIesley 3962 described his plans, was required reading for all Germans is further proof that the German people were not ignorant of the atrocities." Count de Lubersac himself was arrested by the Gestapo for harboring American fliers. He re- ports that he was questioned, tor- tured, and eventually sent to Bu- chenwald in a cattle car. For three days and two nights he and the other deportees in the car, many of whom were crippled and sick, were obliged to stand with- out food or water, with one square foot of space apiece. Many of these men died, he said; many went mad. German civilians at the only station where the train stopped laughed and jeered at them. "The girls giggled at the dead being thrown into the wag- ons like dirty linen and informed (Continued on Page J, ) Library Invites All To Practise Printing All those interested in learning the art of hand type-setting and printing are invited to make an appointment with Miss French at the library between the hours of 9:00 and 12:00 in the morning, 1:00 and 5:00 in the afternoon, or 7:30 and 9:30 in the evening. Every Thursday, throughout the year, Room E, the Book Arts Laboratory will be open to all those who would like to design printing and execute it by hand. A library of books about the Hook Arts and specimens of fine bookmaking is kept in Room E for consultation. Occasionally it may be possible to visit nearby landmarks such as the Dard Hun- ter Piper Museum and one of the several distinguished presses and binderies in Boston. o Barbara Swan - (Continued from. Page 1) portraits and landscapes. "I'm still feeling around and exploring," Barbara declared. "I learn some- thing with every picture, and all I know definitely at this point is that I want painting to be my field." At the moment, Barbara, who lives in Newtonville, is a third year student at the Museum School and assists Mr. Karl Zerbe, one of the teachers there. Explaining to others, she said, is one of the quick- est and most exciting ways to learn. "And the atmosphere at the school is wonderful. Everyone is so stimulating and refreshing that we learn a great deal from one an- other." "All my life I've wanted to paint," Barbara concluded. "There's something very wonderful about putting 1 myself into my work. No matter how few people I reach, if I make them feel what I want to say, it's exciting." Placement Office Reports Jobsof Wellesley Alumnae Five valuable books have been presented to the Wellesley College Library, one to the Book Arts Library, and four to the Rare Books Collection. The Centaur, by Maurice Guerin, marking the first use in book form of the Centaur type, designed by Bruce Rogers, was sent to the Book Arts Library by Miss Edith Diehl, a distinguished bookbinder in New York and a former Welles- ley student. This book is, according to the Library, of special interest, since they have possessed a supply of Centaur type for two years. This copy of Tlie Centaivr is one of 135 now in existence and is in- scribed to Miss Diehl by Mr. Rog- ers. It was presented to her early in his career, when they shared a studio. The book also bears Miss Diehl's bookplate, a small red leather label, tooled in gilt in ber own design. It may be inspected in the Book Arts Library, Room E of the College Library. The additions to the Rare Books Collection were made by an anony- mous friend of the Library. They are: a fifteenth century edition of Cicero's oration "Pro Magno Pom- peio" bearing the earliest known fifteenth century bookplate; the works of Sir Thomas More "writ- ten by him in the English tonge," printed at London in 1557; the col- lected works of Plato, printed in (Continued on Page 7, Col. 1) USAMustMakeltsAppropriation For UNRRA, Dr. Emerson Warns Helen K. Bogart, Assistant Vault Custodian, American Trust & Banking Co., Chattanooga, Tenn. Evelyn M. Boise, Systems Ser- vice Representative, International Business Machines, New York, Patricia Boland, Mathematics Research Assistant, Radiation Laboratory, M.I.T., Cambridge, Mass. Linda Bolte, Staff Assistant, American Red Cross. Gloria D. Bradley, Editorial As- sistant, William Wise Publishing Co., New York, N. Y. Helen M. Bradshaw, Classifica- tion Analyst, Office of Dependency Benefits, Newark, N. J. Elizabeth K. Brown, Teacher, English, Westover School, Middle- bury, Conn. Harriet M. Brown, Campus Or- ganizer, U. S. Student Assembly, New York, N. Y. Jean V. Brown, Editorial As- sistant, Radiation Laboratory, M.I.T., Cambridge, Mass. Margaret H. Brown, Hospital Aide, American Red Cross. Sidney G. Burke, Junior Ex- aminer, Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., Boston, Mass. Naomi Bucholz, Director of Publicity, Civic Theatre Guild, Omaha, Neb. Mary T. Burton, Staff Assist- ant, American Red Cross. Bonita J. Buttrey, Accounting Trainee, Price, Waterhouse & Co., New York, N. Y. "UNRRA has had to act as a pioneer in working out new pat- terns of operation and interna- tional cooperation," Dr. Rupert Emerson declared in a Forum lec- ture at Pendleton Hall Octo- ber 25. Dr. Emerson is the United States alternate delegate to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Association confer- ences. UNRRA has as i.ts objective the meeting of common needs in war- torn areas, Dr. Emerson contin- ued. Its three main tasks are the care of millions of displaced persons, the shipping of supplies which must be furnished for re- lief and rehabijitation, and the provision of services of various kinds. The organization was set up in London in November, 1943 to aid the victims of war \n areas under the control of the United Nations. Its membership consists solely of the 44 United Nations. UNRRA is governed by a Council which meets approximately twice a year, and ; ,s made up of one representa- tive from each country. The Central Committee com- posed of the Big Four, Canada and France is the continuous di- recting body. This group meets more informally than the Council and works closely with the Direc- tor General, Herbert Lehman, for- mer Governor of New York. "For practical purposes, the Big Pow- ers and Canada are the ones that normally make the decisions," Dr. Emerson said. Issues are decided behind the scenes by the "big boys" who tell the small countries what to do. "The major powers have been so engrossed in wartime activities and post-war problems that they have been unable to gi.ve UNRRA the proper attention," Dr. Emer- (Continued on Page 8, Col. 2) Margaret A. Carr, Research Assistant, Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, N. Y. Elizabeth Chalmers, Teacher, History, George School, Buck's County, Pa. Barbara M. Chapin (Mrs. W. P. Dunlap), Script Writer, Yankee Network, Boston, Mass. Elizabeth Chapin (Mrs. David Heath), Case Aide, American Red Cross, Philadelphia, Pa. Constance Chenoweth, Assistant in Trust Dept., First Central Trust Co., Akron, O. Alice A. Clarke, Advertising Copywriter, Aubrey, Moore & Wallace, Chicago, 111. Elizabeth T. Clark, Statistical Clerk, Federal Reserve Bank, St. Paul, Minn. Anne E. Colcord, Teacher, Eng- lish, Rosemary Hall, Greenwich, Conn. Janet Crooks, Assistant, Cus- tomer Relations Dept., Irving Trust Co., New York, N. Y. Christine Curtis, Assistant to Methods Manager, Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., Boston, Mass. Meredith A. Davis, Teacher, Kindergarten, Milwaukee Downer Seminary, Milwaukee, Wis. Charlotte M. Day, Assistant Computer, Phillips Petroleum Co.. Bartlesville, Okla. Therese R. deGrace, Assistant in Book Reviewing, Pre-publica- tion Service, New York, N. Y. Tinka Derecktor, Hospital Staff Aide, American Red Cross. Jean Deveraux (Mrs. Scott Doten), Clerk-Typist, Boston Woven Hose Co., Cambridge, Mass. Harriet L. Dicke, Sales Repre- sentative, Wool Firm, Philadel- phia, Pa. Cynthia G. Doane (Mrs. D. E. Nickerson, Jr.), Analytical Assist- ant, Sylvania Electric Products, Inc., Salem, Mass. Janet M. Donnet, Assistant in Market Research, Chirurg Adver- tising Agency, Boston, Mass. Gloria Downs, Office Worker, Downs-Randolph, Tulsa, Okla. Janet Dressier, Assistant in Loans and Securities Dept., Cleve- land Trust Co., Cleveland, O. Mary P. Edmonds, Assistant in Chemical Dept. Wellesley Col- lege, Wellesley, Mass. Jean S. Edwards, Teacher, Geo- graphy, Dedham Country Day School, Dedham, Mass. Martha G. Ellis, Laboratory As- sistant in Chemistrv, Ciba Com- pany, Summit, N. J. Mary Louise Fast, Secretary, John Marquand. Newburyport, (Continued on Page 4, Col'. 2) JOSEPH E. O'NEIL j-E-W-E-L-E-R Wellesley College Seal Jewelry Opposite Seller's Wellesley Sq. 28 Grove St. WELIesley 2029 jd r ftt£i IN W 6 L L E SI E Y CuULC ftfc/rw*r Qminof 65 Central St. Wellesley 0709 §4.70 Bright as autumn leaves prettied up with frills and bows and femi- nine touches . . . specially chosen to MAKE your suit thru fall and winter . . . Classics too . . . $5.95 "Pussy-Footers" Cuddly warm . . . 'n twice as comfortable I00 l o Virgin Wool hand crocheted "pussy- footers" that you college gals will love. They're so gay ... so warm . . . just right to slip on after skiing or to chase chills while study- ing. Multi-colored patterns. Medium and large . . . $4.70. Other Bootees from $3.65 to $10 WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, NOVEMBER 1, 1945 Maillard Says Treat Germans With Severity .mericans Rescue Officer Member of Underground Starving at Buchenwald "We must beware of treating the Germans too kindly," stated Major Marcel Maillard, as the main message in his speech here October 18. Major Maillard described his part in 'the French Resistance movement and his internment at Buchenwald. He is in the United States on a special mission for the French Ministry of Informa- tion. When the French Army was de- mobilized. Major Maillard joined the French Underground. In order to conceal his Underground activi- ties, he worked for the Vichy Gov- ernment which gave him access to much valuable information. On one occasion, Maillard, the Vichy aide, helped the Germans to search for Maillard the Underground leader. The search proved futile. Eventually discovered by the Gestapo, Maillard was taken to Paris where he was questioned and tortured. His execution date was set for July 28, 1944. The arrival of the Americans, however, saved his life and necessitated his evac- uation to Buchenwald, one of the concentration camps for political prisoners and criminals. At Buchenwald Major Maillard was one of 30,000 deportees who were systematically starved and beaten. Every day groups chosen to serve as guinea pifes were given experimental shots of tuber- culosis and other diseases. The prisoners were forced to stand for at least two hours during roll-call in all kinds of weather with very little clothing; even the dead who had not yet been taken to the crematorium had to be present at the roll-calls. Some of the prison- ers were driven to cannibalism from starvation. One day the whole camp was forced to watch while a young boy who had struck a guard was torn to pieces by hungry dogs. Hangings and other German tor- ture devices were frequent occur- rences. The French Department sponsor- ed Major Maillard's lecture. Fall Chrysanthemums are now on display in the Eotanv Greenhouses Open 8:00 to 5:00 Daily Voluntary Crews Preparing For Dormitory Race Preparing for house races, over 186 crew enthusiasts fill the crew house every afternoon except Thursday, at 4:40. Freshman pre-races are scheduled for Fri- day November 9, while upper-class preliminaries will be run off No- vember 12. The finals will take place November 15 to determine the champion house. Several dormitories, among them Severance. Shafer, and Nor- umbega, plan to enter two crews in the races. To be eligible for a house crew one must report to voluntary crew practice at least four times. Over 50 people, including Jess and "Mrs. Jess" attended the crew picnic, October 19, at the outdoor fireplace. Discussing plans for the year, the head of Crew an- nounced that there would be a spring crew season, since Wel- lesley is back on its pre-war sche- dule. De Lubersac - (Continued from Page 3) the prisoners that they would soon join these dead," Count Lubersac stated. At Buchenwald the de- portees worked in mines and fac- tories on fewer calories than the number necessary for an invalid:. Although the average rate of dead per day was 150, often as many as 350 prisoners died in a single day. Count de Lubersac was born in Paris, and educated at the Col- lege de Normandie near Rouen and later at Janson de Pays. Be- fore the war he was the director of the Rafinerie de Patrole de la Gironde in Paris, an affiliate with the Texas Oil Company. He was a Captain in the French Artillery, and later a leader in the French Underground. After being liberat- ed from Buchenwald, he enlisted in the United States Army. Service Fund sponsored the lecture as part of its annual drive opening on November 5. Rose LaFoy Miss Smith To Discuss Thinks New Grecian Relief Problems York 'Dirty' Miss Rose LaFoy, Mr. Jean Guedenet, and Miss Claude Veen, who have just arrived from France, gave their first impressions of America at the first meeting of the Alliance Francaise October 29. When questioned by Ginny Guild, '46, head of Forum, Miss LaFoy declared that as soon as she arrived in New York she wrote home that Am'erica was "very dirty." This impression, she added, "was from the paper every- one seemed to be throwing around. But then someone told me that New York was welcoming the troop transports that had just docked." Miss Veen commented on the "gay colors of all the automobiles." Mr. Guedent described the "shaky, perfumed gelatin salads" at Wel- lesley. "I realized that the cal- ories are mathematically calcu- lated," he said, "and that logically I'm not hungry." A group of Sophomores and Seniors competed against a group of Freshmen and Juniors in char- ades. Prizes were awarded to the Freshmen-Junior group who had enacted the work "rouleverse- ment." Betty Evans '47, lead the meet- ing in a French sing, after which refreshments were served. Jane Goodman, '46 President of the Alliance Francaise, announced that those who attended the regu- lar French sing every Monday night at 7:30 in Tower court could join a group who will seranade Mrs. Horton before Christmas. "1 nave known well m Greece how UNRRA works in the field," said Miss Louise Pettibone Smith of the Biblical History DeDart- ment, who will lecture on "Prob- lems of Relief Work" Wednesday, November 7, at 7:30 in Pendleton Hall. Last year Miss Smith spent her sabbatical leave teaching Eng- lish at Pierce College for Girls in Athens and helping with European relief problems. Miss Smith went to Europe in the summer of 1944 intending to work at the college with Greek War Relief. Since the school had become affiliated with UNRRA, however, she first worked with UNRRA in refugee camps in Egypt and Palestine for prepara- tion. Then in April of 1945 she went to the Pierce school, better known as the American College for Girls. The American College is a six- year "gymnasium,'' corresponding to American junior high schools, with a two-year college depart- ment which is to be extended to four years now that the war is over. The attendance varies be- tween 500 and 600 girls. "It is very much like Wellesley, which also began with a preparatory school. Pierce is an endowed col- lege — or rather it was, when there was money in Greece," said Miss Smith. Miss Smith described V-E Day in Greece. "While certain indi- viduals were wildly happy on V-E Day, and there were parades, there was not general jubilation. The war was over for the Greeks when the Germans were driven out, but Greek soldiers were still fighting the British, and so V-E Day did not mean more food for civilians, or the return of their men, as it did in the United States. V-J Day," she said, "was even more remote." Miss Smith returned to Welles- ley October 10, after a trip home on the Gripsholm, a government chartered ship which makes a weekly voyage. "It was very dif- ficult to book passage," said Miss Smith, "but Mrs. Horton per- suaded the State Department that it was essential." There was no other passenger boat coming across, although a few Americans returned on Liberty ships. Spe- cial dispensation was required to travel on these cargo vessels. Aboard the Gripsholm, designed for 500 passengers, there were 1500 persons. "Since many of these were Greek-Americans and Italian-Americans," said Miss Smith, "everybody expected trouble. However, the trip was peaceful, though certainly no pleasure cruise!" Miss Smith dis- covered that Miss Mary Coolidge of the Philosophy Department had sailed to Greece on the same ship, and had disembai-ked about an hour before she went on board; however, the two did not meet. Miss Smith's lecture is spon- sored by C. A. Wellesley Grads - (Continued from Page 3) Mass. Ruth Ferguson, Assistant in Fi- nancial Dept., Home Life Insur- ance Co., New York, N. Y. Bebe M. Fischgrund, Interne- ship, Nursery School, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. Mary Jane Foster, Clinic Exec- utive, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Mass. Dorothy M. Freyer, Assistant in Food Analysis Laboratory, American Can Co., Maywood, 111. Gloria Gallic, Teacher (appren- tice), Cambridge School, Weston, Mass. Jeanne Garcelon, Technical As- sistant, Bell Telephone Co., New York, N. Y. Marilyn J. Garfield, War Work- er, Army Signal Corps., Arlington, VS. Jane Godley, Ticket & Reserva- tion Agent, American Airlines, New York, N. Y. Dorothy Going, Inside Investi- gator, Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., Boston, Mass. Betty A. Golden (Mrs. M. Gitt- M/k Si erk .' Accounting Office, M.I.T., Cambridge, Mass: /i\? Iarj S ri o F^ces Goodman (Mrs. G. S. Fenn), Teacher, Eng- lish, Flintridge School, Arcadia, Calif. Eloise J. Grawoig, Editorial As- sistant, Commerce Clearing House, Chicago, 111. Joyce M. Gulick, Clerk, Stand- ard Vacuum Oil Co., New York, N. Y. Caroline S. Hadley, Assistant Field Director, American Red Cross. Louisa H. Hagner, Editorial Assistant (Dr. Fitz), Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Helen K. Hagopian, Research Assistant in Histology (Dr. Dempsey), Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Janet R. Hahn, Assistant Edi- tor House Organ, Thompson Pro- ducts, Cleveland, O. Faith M. Halfyard, Assistant in Domestic Auditing Dept., National City Bank of New York, New York, N. Y. Rachel Hall, Secretary, Shady- side Junior School, Pittsburgh, Pa. Virginia Hall, Teacher, Mathe- matics and Physics, Daycroft School, Stamford, Conn. Elizabeth A. Handy, General Assistant, Kidder, Peabody & Co., Boston, Mass. Janet M. Haskell, Research Assistant, Howe Laboratory of Ophthamology, Mass. Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Mass. Martha Hatcher, Youth Direc- tor, Conference of the Methodist CIGARETTE LIGHTERS WATCH & CLOCK Repairing FORSBERG'S - Central Block, Wellesley - WEL. 1345-M STAGE The Secret Room, final week WILBUR Oklahoma through Dec. 15 COLONIAL Strange Fruit from Lillian Smith's novel. With Jane White, Melchor Ferrer, Vera Allen. Through Nov. 10 PLYMOUTH The Day Before Spring, new musical featuring Irene Manning, Bill Johnson, John Archer. Through Nov. 17 SHUBERT Malcuzynski, sensational Polish pianist. Next Sunday aft. SYMPHONY HALL IN PROSPECT "Last House on the Left," new farce by Jean Carmen and Irish Owen, with Miss Carmen and Gene Barry in_leading roles. Opening Nov. 5 for one week "The Joyous Season" with Ethel Barrymore. Play by Philip Barry. Opening Nov. 12 for two weeks "The Mermaids Singing," new play by John Van Druten, with Walter Abel, Beatrice Perason, Frieda Inescourt, Lois Wil- son. Opening Nov. 13 "The Would-Be Gentleman" with Bobby Clark. Recent transla- tion into English of Moliere's play. Opening Nov. 28 for eleven days Maurice Evans in "Hamlet" opening Nov. 28 for ten days Alec Templeton at Symphony Hall Sun. aft., Nov. 11 WELLESLEY THEATRE TICKET AGENCY WELLESLEY THRIFT SHOP 34 Church Street Wellesley Open Daily 9:30 to 5:30, except for the lunch hour, 11:45 to 12:45 Ticket* ordered for all Boston theatres and events at Symphony Hall. 25c service fee charged on each ticket Church, Nashville, Tenn. Floranne Henderson, Staff As- sistant, American Red Cross. Eleanor M. Herz, Publicity and Public Relations, Assistant to President, Elmira College, N. Y. Sarah Ann Hill, Chemist, Ana- lytical Laboratory, Anaconda Re- duction Works, Anaconda, Mont. Ann R. Hoffman, Office Worker, Time Magazine, New York, N. Y. Janet Horton, Secretary in Col- lege Text Dept., Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York, N. Y. Jane Ingley, Visitor, Bureau of Public Welfare, Denver, Colo. Anne B. Johnston, Teacher, 4th Grade, Public School, Richmond, Va. Margaret E. Johnston, Research Assistant in Laboratory, Univers- ity of Chicago, Chicago, 111. Ann Jordan, Assistant in Mar- ket Analysis, Advertising Dept., Farm Journal and Pathfinder, New York, N. Y. Doris J. King, Field Worker, Presbyterian Board of National Missions, Chicago, 111. Jean Kineke (Mrs. David Mc- Laughlin), Assistant in Market Research, Young and Rubicam, New York, N. Y. Naomi Kislak, Clerk, Foreign Dept., Irving Trust Co., New York, N. Y. Jane Knickerbocker, Assistant in Trust Dept., Guaranty Trust Co., New York, N. Y. Caryl Krieger (Mrs. Horwitz), Trainee on Training Squad, R. H Macy & Co., New York, N. Y. Edith M. Kynor, War Worker, Army Map Service, Arlington, Va. Marcia Lane, Technician, Pub- lic Health Research Instituted New York, N. Y. Patricia G. Lauber, Editorial Assistant, Look Magazine, New York, N. Y. Mary L. Lawrence, Assistant in Biological Laboratory, Schering (Continued on Page 7, Col. 3) Telephone WEL. 1547 Established 1913 A. GAN CO. TAILORS - CLEANSERS FURRIERS - PRESSING FUR STORAGE - DYEING Prompt Call and Delivery Service 14 Church St. Wellesley, Mass. Complete Stook of COOKED MEATS • CHEESE SANDWICHES To Take Out Premier Delicatessen Opposite Post Office 547 Washington St. WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, NOVEMBER 1, 1945 Newest Play BySherwood Lacks Unity Critic: Mary Dirlam '46 The Robert Sherwood who wrote The Petrified Forest seems, at least temporarily, not to be in the ascendancy, the author of Tlve Rugged Path is an able, technically skilled dramatist who knows his theatre, but he has failed to sub- ject his latest work to a final critic- al scrutiny which might have lifted it above the commonplace. The Rugged Path has the mak- ings of a successful play. We are presented a theme which essays to reveal the dangers of public lethargy during a time of crisis. We are given a rather complex and interesting hero, Morey Vinion, a newspaperman with "demons in him," who has been tied to a con- ventional kind of life by his wife and friends. The plot itself is presentable enough, being concern- ed with Morey Vinion's enlistment in the Navy and his subsequent ad- ventures and final heroic death after he has escaped from his sunken ship. It is in the manage- ment of this material, rather than in the conception of it, that Sher- wood disappoints us. Lack of Integration The play as a whole fails of ef- fect. The eleven changes of scene during the two acts lack a feeling of continuity, or any really casual relationship to one another. We skip rapidly from the Vinion home to a bar, then to the newspaper office, a mess compartment on a destroyer, Colonel Rainsford's tropical headquarters, a jungle outpost, and finally and unexpec- tedly, to the White House. And, while unity of place is no longer a prerequisite of drama, such a total departure from its observa- tion seemed confusing and unnec- essary. The Rugged Path might partial- ly have redeemed itself by a suc- cessful closing scene which could have contributed much in the way of summing up and interpreting the somewhat choppy action of the play. Instead, we leave Morey on the scene of battle, and find our- selves at a reception room in the White House, where Morey's widow is receiving a posthumous medal in recognition of his heroism. The wife comes out of the President s office— brief conversation — she exits. A military attache, left on stage with Morey's colonel points to a battle- scarred flag and says, "Let us hope." Curtain. It is not so much the abrupt transition from battlefield to transition does not point up the to America, but the fact that that theme of the play that is bother- some. If Scene 2 of the first act, which dealt with the materialistic reception of the news of Morey s mishaps by his home office, had been the closing scene, the end ol the play might have been more satisfactory. The irony involved would have provided an excellent opportunity for a closing and pointed comment by the author which would have added meaning to the whole play. . Sentimental Patriotism The theme, which, as we have pointed out, is an attempt at criti- cism of a passive American society, had possibilities. In treating a sub- ject of this sort there is of course, always the danger of being hack- (Continu ed on Page 6, Cot. o) Typewriter Repairs, Ribbons typewriters ^MinMofrapkac Muhfeiaphlac Wellesley Business Service, 5 Tel. Wellesley 1045 COLONIAL THEATRE NATICK, MASS. Frl.-Sat. NOV. 3-3 Irene Donne - Alexander Knox "OVER TWENTY-ONE" Roy Borers "DON' T FENCE M E IN" Sun.-Mon.-Tucs. Nov. 4-5-6 Gary Cooper - Madeline Carroll "NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE" Allan Ladd - Veronica Lake "THIS GUN FOR HIRE" Owing to the lenelli of this program performa nces will start nt 7:45. V7ed.-Tbura.-Prl.-Sat. Nov. 7-8-9-10 John Garfield - Eleanor Parker "PRIDE OF THE MARINES" G. Aubrey Smith - Eric Von Slrohclm "SCOTLAND YARD INVESTIGATOR" Owing to the length of this program performance will start at 7:45. New Steinbeck Novel Suggests Saroyan Quality Critic: Gloria Ross '46 JOHN STEINBECK In his opening paragraph, John Steinbeck describes "Cannery Row in Monterey in California," as "a poem, a stink, a grating noise, a quality of light, a tone, a habit, a nostalgia, a dream." This initial explanation of his subject suggests the influence of Saroyan, and this influence seems more and more striking as the book progresses and as one notices the poetic aura Mr. Steinbeck casts about the down-to- earth back alley. Mr. Steinbeck describes the in- habitants of Cannery Row in language befitting the realism for which he is noted, but combined with his rather crude speech is this same new Saroyan-like lyrical out- look, which seems to envelop each disreputable outcast character in a cloak of natural, poetic beauty. The marked lyrical quality, which Mr. Steinbeck exhibits in this book for the first time to any great degree, seems rather strange and almost comic, when carried along, as it is, by the author's very realis- tic manner of expression and by his slangy, sometimes rather un- printable choice of words. Mr. Steinbeck's aim in writing this book seems to be to describe the lowest fringe of society, and to describe it in such a way as to show the inherent nobleness of (Continued on Page 6, Col. 3) NOW! is the time to bring in your fur pieces and have a charming hat made to match your fur coat Terr - Germaine TOP HAT STYLISTS OF WELLESLEY 15 CENTRAL ST CIRCLE THEATRE Cleveland Clrole LON. 4040-4041 STARTS THURSDAY, NOV. 1 "LOVE, HONOR and GOODBYE" And "CAPTAIN EDDY" STARTS SUNDAY. NOV. 4 "IT ALL CAME TRUE" and BORN FOR TROUBLE Paul Robeson Recalls Events in Varied Life Singer Tells News Reporter that Playing Othello Being Named All-American Thrilled Him Most by Barbara Boggs '46 It is a great deal to expect of any man that he should divide his attention between a steak din- ner and News reporters . Mr. Robeson, however, received us most graciously as he sat eating with his party after the concert in the Green Room of Alumnae Hall. He allowed us to ply him with questions, while his thick, juicy steak lay almost untouched on his plate. "I began singing in high school," Mr. Robeson said. "We had an excellent glee club and were for- tunate enough to have Anna Case .often sinj; with us. At Rutgers," he smiled, "I didn't make the glee club." Whether Mr. Robeson really didn't "make" the glee club or whether his college life was just too crowded with football prac- tices and academic interests to allow time for singing is a matter for speculation. Allowing for his modesty, the latter is quite pos- sibly the case. Mr. Robeson was a great foot- ball player, as we can readily imagine from his tremendous frame. "One of the two most thrill- ing events of my life," he ad- mitted, "was being named All American End. The other was playing Othello. Ordinarily I would rather sing than act, but I would rather play Othello than sinff. Of course," he added, "it isn't often you get a chance to play Othello." Mr. Robeson does plan to play the Moor before a London audi- ence in the near future, however. He is also considering the role of Macbeth. Mr. Robeson has sung and acted in almost every country in Europe, as well as throughout America. He returned last month from a European tour where he sang for "our fellows," as he affectionately terms our troops in the army of occupation. Prior to this visit, he sang in Europe during the Spanish civil war for the Loyalist forces. Mr. Robeson is a rabid anti-fascist. As an encore at his concert he sang a Loyalist army song set to an old Spanish folk tune with great vigor and feeling. Although he has sung before all types of audiences, Mr. Robeson still counts college audiences as amoner his favorites. He is to COMMUNITY PLAYHOUSE Now Show In g Danny Kaye In "WONDER MAN" —Also— FALCON IN SAN FRANCISCO Sun.-Mon.-Tues. November 4-5-6 Betty Hntlon "INCENDIARY BLONDE" —Also— CRIME DOCTOR'S COURAGE Be*. Wed.: 'Guest Wife' A 'Bewitched' ST. GEORGE SUNDAT CONTINUOUS 1:50-11 MATS. 2 EVES. 6:30 CONTINUOUS NOW PIiAYTNO Claudette Colbert - Don Amechc In "GUEST WIFE" Aubrey Smith - Erlo Von Strohelm In "SCOTLAND YARD INVESTIGATOR" WEEK OP NOVEMBER 4-10 Sunday thru Wednesday Dana Andrews - Jeanne Craln Dick Hymes In "STATE FAIR" This picture shown a single feature profironi with Selected Short Subjects. Thursday - Friday - Saturday June DanvcU - Edcar Kennedy In 'CAPTAIN ANNIE ROONEY' Gcorie Sanders - EUa Raines In "UNCLE HARRY" give concerts at Cornell and Mich- igan later in the season. When asked if they had given a concert at Smith, Mr. Lawrence Brown, Mr. Robeson's accompanist, replied that they hadn't, adding hastily and so tactfully, "We're working down on our list." Almost any audience is appre- ciative after it gets to know you Mr. Robeson said. Of course, dif- ferent songs are more popular in different countries. Negro spirit- uals, for example, are always en- joyed most by an American audi- ence that understands them best. With Mr. Robeson's linguistic ability— he speaks Russian and Chinese as well as all the usual European languages — he has no difficulty in quickly reaching any audience. Mr. Robeson readily admits that he is always nervous before giving a concert. He asked to postpone his News interview until after the concert "if you want me to say anything that will make sense." "Acting has one advantage over singing," he remarked. "Opening night at the theatre is always tense, but when that initial strain is over I can relax for the rest of the run. With concerts it is dif- ferent. I have a regular attack of what I suppose you might term stage-fright before each one." Mr. Brown, who has accompanied Paul Robeson since 1925, confirms this confession. Mr. Robeson has always been nervous before his concerts and tired after them, he says. When asked if he was not tired, too, after so many encores, he said, "Oh no, I'm older so I don't get tired so easily. I'm hard- ened to it." Mr. Brown first met Paul Robe- son in London in 1922. Mr. Brown (Continued on Page 6, Col. 4) Cooper Acts In Old Film Of Northwest Critic: Jean Lamb '47 "Northwest Mounted Police" is a moderately exciting tale of love and adventure in the Canadian northwest, and is notable chiefly for the beauty of the technicolor photography. It is the story of the suppression of the rebellion of the half-breeds in 1885, when the fifty mounted police were the only representatives of law in tne district. Gary Cooper as Dusty Rivers, a Texas ranger, comes north to find Jacques Corbeau, wno is wanted for murder in the States. Since Corbeau is the leader of the rebellion, Rivers aids the Mounties to capture him. April Logan (Madeleine Carroll), dis- covers that the half-breeds are planning an ambush where her brother Ronnie (Robert Preston) is sentinel. Unable to go to warn him herself, she seeks Louvette (Paulette Goddard), a half-breed girl with whom Ronnie is in love. Louvette, however, does not dis- close the danger to him, only lur- ing him away from his post and keeping him captive lest he be hurt in the fight. Almost all of the other Mounties are killed or wounded in the surprise attack. Rivers, in love with April, seeks to vindicate the honor of her brother by ascribing to him some of Rivers' own deeds, whUe Jim Brett (Preston Foster), also in love with April, captures Cor- beau. The film ends with April's choosing between the two suitors. The slimness of the plot affords no opportunity for complicated character portrayals. Except for the conflict between Ronnie's love and his duty, the emphasis is on external events, so that the actors have fairly easy jobs. Cooper as the shrewd, tough Ranger, Miss Carroll as the courageous "white- woman-in-the-wilderness," Paul- ette Goddard as the selfish, pas- sionate half-breed, Poster as the man who always does his duty: here is no chance for outstanding acting. The actors are competent in interpreting what the script gives them, -but their roles cer- tainly throw no light on human nature. The film is disappointing also in that it lacks suspense. It is (Continued on Page 6, Col. 2) WELLESLEY NATIONAL BANK CHECKING and SAVINGS ACCOUNTS TRAVELERS CHECKS Member FDIC IN & MOUND, BOSTON OR I 11 CuHckeoHs from 55 t Dinners front 85 t Banquet facilities for any size gathering FREE PARKING HOTEL GARDNER Masi. Ave. at Norway St., Boiton COM. 3110 n Stephen Hung's GREEN PAGODA Restaurant DELICIOUS CHINESE FOOD Served In Original Chinese Atmosphere By Expert Chinese Chefs ATR CONDITIONED Open 4 P. M. to 4 A. M. KENmore 4378 1270 BOYLSTON ST. (Near Fenway Ball Park BERKELEY RESTAURANT Wellesley Hills LOBSTERS SEA FOOD STEAKS CHOPS CHICKENS DUCKLING and TURKEY DINNERS Every Sunday WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, NOVEMBER 1, 1945 Senorita Oyarzabal In Mexico to CanterburyClub Study Manuscripts on Heraldry H-J^S^ Letter Describes Native Life, Indians, V-J Day Celebration as Well as Work on Document Senorita Anita Oyarzabal of the Spanish Department is spending her sabbatical year in Mexico City where she is studying heraldry in connection with a Wellesley Lib- rary manuscript on the subject. The following letter describes her activities in Mexico City. "I think the visit with the Zapo- tecas Indians in a primitive village called Mitla might interest you. They live so peacefully in their hut-homes still following their pre- Christian ways of life that it made me wonder whether they had not achieved the Mecca of happiness that the civilization in our times seems to be vainly seeking for, in finer houses. "Some Indians did not even un- derstand Spanish, but they all un- derstood the universal language of heart and hands and so we got on very well indeed. "Near Mitla stands Monte Alban and the most wonderful Aztecs temples that you can imagine. It is a most precarious ascent and I never thought that our car would make it. On the way up we saw a poor little old Indian painfully climbing on foot. We stopped and prevailed on him to try it our way. Since you know me and my love for talk you won't be sur- prised to hear that pretty soon we knew a great deal about Miguel, (that was the Indian's Christian name). He gets up at 3:00 a.m. to start for work and it takes him six hours to climb the mountain on one side and descend on the other to get to work. There is no other way except on donkey back and Miguel has no donkey. He works as a mason from nine to five for four pesos a day (about 75 cents) and then starts" back up the hill and reaches home at 11 p.m. He gets only about four hours' sleep. And there .are peo- ple who still say that the Mexi- cans are lazy!!! "If I keep on the subject this letter might never come to an end and that would be too bad, so I shall go on to tell you about my adventures in studies. Here I must confess to you that I knew not what I was doing when I be- gan studying this manuscript As you know the original lies in state in the Treasure Room of the Wel- lesley Library. "I have always loved history as well as fiction, and my intellectual curiosity was aroused by this study in heraldry that was lying fallow in our midst. I knew little about heraldry but two of my fav- orite mottos are: "Live" and learn" and the other. "Never too old to learn," and so I arrived in Mexico and started on my trip of new studies. I find out new things every day especially on the proto- col that must be observed when dealing with this subject. The manuscript is particularly inter- esting because of its curious ^ > idiosyncracies. The society of Heraldry here is very "keen" on it too and you never saw such brotherly interest and helpful sug- gestions as emanate from the mem- bers of said Society who are very interesting people besides being learned. Referring back to the last Faculty Play they are very "HUMAN." "Of course here at home we are in daily contact with artists, and literary people of every kind. There are some very interesting Tertulias of this type here in Mexico this year; I go twice weekly and find them most profit- able and invigorating. "I also belong to the Pan-Amer- ican Round Table here; have talked in the International Club etc. But these things also happen in the States and are not so in- teresting for you to hear about. "Another great event here has been the formation of the Spanish Government in exile and its formal recognition by Mexico, Guatemala, and Panama. It was thrilling to see the flag that had last flown over the last portion of Republican Spain being unfurled and hoisted in one of the Mexican Government Buildings amid the cheers of thous- ands of spectators in the large Zocalo Plaza. Tears of joy flowed from many eyes and it was a spec- tacle not to be forgotten. And it happened on the V. J. Day too! Can you blame me for being over- joyed and excited? "All in all it has been a most eventful summer culminating with the news about Captain McAfee becoming Mrs. Douglas Horton and of our luck in having her in Wel- lesley oftener — and in civilian clothes. "My love to all my friends in Wellesley and most sincere wishes for this new year." o Robeson - (Continued from Page 5) was accompanying Roland Hayes, then a comparatively unknown ar- tist, and Mr. Robeson was acting at the time in a play with Mrs. Pat- rick Campbell. "It wasn't long after that we got together," he said. "And we stuck." Mr. Brown writes many of his own arrangements, and he admits that he gets a real "kick" out of his work. When asked if he was having as good a time as he ap- peared to be having, he laughed. "I don't know how, I look, but I was enjoying myself all right." "Yes," he joked, "sometimes my job's pretty good— like tonight when I get in on a steak dinner." Speaking seriously, he says of Mr. Robeson, "He's the most gen- erous man in the world. His heart is as big as his frame." We would heartily agree. It was a pleasure and privilege to meet Paul Robeson, a great artist and a great man. Canterbury Club will hold a re- ception for its new rector, Rev. Mr. Charles W. F. Smith, Sunday, No- vember 4 at 5:30 in the parish house at St. Andrew's Episcopal Church. Miss Barbara Arnold, Provincial Secretary of College Church Work in New England will be the guest speaker. Mrs. Gorham Cross, Director of Religious Education at St. An- drew's in Wellesley village wel- comes student attendance at the church. The purpose of Canter- bury Club is to unite the members of tne Episcopal Church at Welles- ley in such a way that their com- mon problems and ideals can be answered and shared. The year's program is constructed around the theme, "God and the college cam- pus." Plans for the year as an- nounced by Arline Smith '46, Pres- ident of Canterbury Club, include meetings every Monday evening for supper and discussion. Thursday mornings at 7:00 in Little Chapel Rev. Mr. Smith directs the Com- munion Service. Canterbury _Club plans to have an outside speaker for the first Sunday of each month. The Friday morning college chapel service is always Episcopalian. r-0 Cannery Row - (Continued from Page 5) these people. I do not think that Mr. Steinbeck succeeds in his aim. There is something maudlin and entirely out of proportion about Cannery Row. It is neither as real- istic nor as inspiring as Catfish Row in Porgy and bess. Cannery Row does not seem real; it has too much of the quality of a fantasy. Because it seems unreal, we are not moved by the plight of the characters. We do not even take them seriously. In spite of this general failing of his book, Mr. Steinbeck is still notably successful in some of his character portraits. The outcast idler Mack is a strange and yet very natural man — a man of strong personality and weak character, talented and doomed, a genius and a bum. Hazel and little Frankie are unusually perceptive portraits of feebleminded people, Hazel a well- integrated member of the Palace Flophouse, the local bachelor com- munity, Frankie on the road to con- finement in an institution. Doc, the head of the marine laboratory, who collects frogs and octopi for a living, breeds mice and rattle- snakes, and even makes cross sec- tions of human embryos, is perhaps the most successful character Mr. Steinbeck has presented. The idol of the community, he pursues his strange occupation tirelessly and plays Scarlatti records well into the night. The most respected and dearly loved friend of everyone in town, he is still perhaps the loneliest man in Cannery Row. Cannery Row is not Mr. Stein- beck's best book, nor is it his most significant. But it is an unusual departure from his previous work, a book which every follower of Mr. Steinbeck should read. V! S3tO£^ OCTOBER 29, 1945. (0i Qm, J>ift<u*Atb ammtwvu. ( Keep Up Last Year's Workroom Record! The Norwegian Relief has written: "Thank you for the splendid amount of sewing which was done by the Wel- lesley College students. This is some of the most beautifully done work received here. Cloth- ing is the greatest need in Norway, and we are very grateful to you for your in- terest and help." Seven Members Swell the Ranks Of Dance Group Wellesley College Dance Group added seven new members to its ranks last wek when Mary Hardi- man '47, Ruth Kulakofsky '48, Robin Muchmore '47, Marion Ritvo '48, Barbara Smith GS, Lucy Ven- able '48, and Charmienne Yarwood '47 completed their try-outs. Each girl worked out the choreography for a solo dance which she present- ed herself. She also planned a group dance which she taught to at least six girls who then per- formed for the judges. Final try-outs for the apprentice dance group wil be held November 7. Gary Cooper - (Continued from Page 5) too obvious from the beginning that the Mounties are going to win, and even the events such as the ambush do not hold one's in- terest because they are presented too objectively. The knowledge of the inevitable decision between Rivers and Brett could have been a vehicle for suspense, but as it is there is none there, and the decision itself comes as rather a shock. However the settings and pho- tography are excellent. The fron- tier villages and the Mountie's stockade are realistic and color- ful, and the technicolor scenes of the mountains and forests are magnificent. Whatever the film may lack in the way of plot, script, or suspense, it is worth seeing just for the superb natural scenery. "Anchors Aweigh" is an or- dinary musical comedy relieved by the excellent acting of Frank Sinatra, Gene Kelly, Kathryn Grayson, and Jose Iturbi. "Christmas in Connecticut" is a painful comedy, with Barbara Stanwick, Dennis Morgan, and Sid- ney Greenstreet. "Pride of the Marines" con- cerns the problems of the return- ing serviceman, wi.th John Gar- field, Eleanor Parker, and Dane Clark. "Our Vines Have Tender Grapes" depicts rural America, with very good acting done by Edward G. Robinson (in a new type of role), Margaret O'Brien, Morris Carnovsky, and Agnes Moorehead. Then there's the story of the Freshman who found herself late for g^m class and still in civilian clothes. Desperately looking for a hidden place in Founders to change, she hit upon that most sec- red and isolated spot, Mr. Kerby- Miller's office. This being empty, she utilized it. ■ wic no. 1 ^J 1 * " Hl> f«OMBONf ANO HIS ORCHESTRA /^„. ? BUDDY RICH STUART FOSTER THE SENTIMENTALISTS Z>ciHCiH$ FROM 6:30 PM TO CLOSING DELUXE DINNERS $1.50 Town Co-op Plans Sale Of Clothing Co-op Will Hold Exchange As Community Service; College Participates The Wellesley Cooperative So- ciety will hold a clothing exchange November 2 and 3 in the vacant store next to Seiler's on Wash- ington Street. This function is being held as a community service to enable residents of the town and students to sell clothes for which they no longer have a use. The cooperative asks that ar- ticles be clean, in usable condi- tion and tagged with the owner's name and address and the price to be charged. Five percent of the sale price will be deducted to cover expenses. Articles may be left at the collection centers to- day or at the exchange on Friday morning. Among the collection centers are: Coop Food Store, 31 Central street; the home of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Lehmann, 6 Shep- ard House, Wellesley; and the Page School, Wellesley. The exchange will be open Fri- day, November 2, from 2:00 to 5:00 p.m. and Saturday, November 3. from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Dr. Y. P. Mei, Head Of Yenching University To Visit Sister College Dr. Y. P. Mei, President of Yenching University, Wellesley's sister college in China, will be the guest of the college Mon- day and Tuesday, November 12 and 13. Upperclass students are invited to nieet Dr. Mei at an informal period on Tuesday evening in Tower Court, where he will stay while at Wellesley. At that time, Dr. Mei will give a talk about Yenching. after which there will be an open discussion. A tea in his honor will be given on Monday afternoon, at which members of the freshman class will be able to meet and talk with him On Tuesday afternoon there will be a tea to give members of Coz Club and the C.A. Board an opportunity to become acquainted with Dr. Mei. "Rugged Path" - (Continued from Page 5) neyed and sentimental. But there is no reason why Americanism and patriotism cannot be skillfully in- corporated into a play. Unfortu- nately, however, Sherwood seemed at many points to be falling into the jargon of the ad-writer— the phoney "This is your America- Valley Forge, Gettysburg, Guadal- canal" sort of thing. The general level of the acting was adequate, although not distin- guished. Spencer Tracy, as Morey Vinion, was likeable and natural, but he spoke almost too rapidly — a failing which was shared by the supporting cast. Rex Williams, in the role of Gil Hartnick, had a strong, clear speaking voice, yet seemed to be making an effort to project it more than was necessary. In closing, it would be unfair to Sherwood to say that there were not parts in the play which were effective and well planned. One of these sections was the scene in Act II which took place in the mess compartment of Morey's destroyer. The dialogue and action was excep- tionally realistic as the sailors sat around, "griping" aru ] "chinning." Then, when the call to GQ sounded, the stage was darkened except for one pin-prick of 10 d light, which seemed to be coming from the upper deck. As the loudspeaker blared out battle orders and finally the call to abandon ship, the attention of the audience was fixed upon that one point of light. The tension thereby achieved was dramatic in the high- est sense. But despite the effective- ness of that particular scene, the play remained disappointing. Rob- ert Sherwood is, after all, an ex- perienced playwright, and we have a right to expect more than isolat- ed examples of competence from a man who, in the past, has written so much that is better than The Rugged Path. o Junior Show - (Continued from Page 1) must recreate on the stage what has been accomplished on paper. As the production starts on its last lap, the Junior class urges everyone to set aside the evening of November 17 and to come and see for herself what all this hush- hush has been about. WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, NOVEMBER 1, 1945 Lubersac Tells Economics Department Of Experiences Lists Student Expenses At Buchenwald by Polly Piatt 'J,8 He doesn't look Ike a man who was on a starvation diet for four- teen and one half months. He doesn't act as if he were tortured and beaten. Nevertheless, Comte Raoul de Lubersac, veteran of both the French and American armies and former leader in the French Underground, is a survivor of Buchenwald, and able to describe his "fantastic" last days there. Buchenwald was one of the Ger- man concentration camps where, before they died, the deportees had to work for Germany. When they did die from the maltreatment, other deportees were sent to fill their places. It was not an exter- mination camp, where Jews and Slavs, unfit to work for Germany, were taken directly to the gas chamber and then to the cremator- ium. Escape Impossible Because both criminals and gen- uine political men comprised Buchenwald's 30,000 prisoners, Comte de Lubersac explained, it was impossible to know who was trustworthy and thereby form a united group. Escape was also im- peded by electrical barbed wire surrounding the camp, and S-men stationed every 200 yards for miles around the camp with expertly trained bloodhounds. "On the 3rd of April, 1945," said Comte de Lubersac, "the atmos- phere at Buchenwald was tense. The 53,000 prisoners, including 15000 Jews just sent there from other camps, were nervous. "They knew of Himler's order to evacu- ate all prisoners because of Allied advances. They knew that evacua- tion, which meant suffociation and starvation in cattle cars, was an- other term of mass murder. Reverse Decision The commander of the camp, however, announcing: the coming of the Americans, declared that there would be no evacuation. Comte de Lubersac reports that he was not at all calmed down" by this news. Experience had taught him never to believe the Germans. "On April 4th," said Comte de Lubersac, "things were going as announced. But in the evening, 47 prisoners, of which 41 were Ger- man and 6 Dutchmen, were called to the gate to be executed. All of them had been there too long and knew too much. These prisoners had been favored with long hair — the others had been shaved, alter- nately on the sides and on the top of their heads— and srood clothes. (Continued on Page 8, Col. 2) o — New Libe Book - (Continued from Page 3) three folio volumes in parallel col- umns of Latin and Greek, by a member of the house of Henri Etienne in Paris, dated 1518; and a first edition of John Milton's History) of Muscovia, printed in London in 1682. The Cicero is the only fifteenth century edition of one of his ora- tions in the Collection. It also has the distinction of being the only example of printing by the Vene- tian printer, Adam von Ammergau, and the only book in the Library bearing the fifteenth century book- nlate of Hilbrand Brandenburg of Biberach and the stamp of the Buxheim monastery to which he gave the book. The English works of Sir Thomas More, printed in black let- ter, double columns, gave Wellesley a copy of the first collected edition, which has not been reprinted ex- cept in facsimile. This particular copy includes sixteen pages which "Mayster Thomas More wrote in his youth for his pastime" and an unnumbered leaf that is missing from many copies, containing cer- tain after-thoughts of "Sir Thomas More knighte to the Christian reader." The Etienne Plato represents the work of the house of scholar printers of the French Renais- sance. The Roman type and the royal Greek types of its parallel columns were designed by Claude Garamoqd, and the decorative initials and head bands were prob- ably designed by Geoffrey Tory. The first edition of Milton's Brief History of Muscovia, finds its place beside other first editions of Milton collected by George Her- bert Palmer for the English Poetry Collection. The Library suggests that students in Mr. Winer's semi- nar on Soviet Russia look at the book, if only to read of the dram- atic interview between Sir Jerome Boles and Ivan the Terrible. The average Wellesley girl spent more money during the past college year than she has since 1930-31, the annual survey of Economics 101 students disclosed. Clothing expen- ditures, though lower than their 1930-31 total of $528.76, still lead her list of expenses at $375.84; fares, recreation, food, newspapers, and $21.14 for stationery and stamps complete the itemization of the average student budget. The poll, which has been con- ducted for twenty years, showed average expenses this time of $2,- 010.94, compared with the 1930-31 high of $2,228.97. The 216 budgets reported last spring ranged from $1,156.35 to $3,503.30. Six students reported expenditures of more than $3,000 in this survey, while in 1930-31, eight had spent more than $4,000. These figures are especially significant, the Economics Depai*t- ment points out, in view of the fact that not more than one family in three in the United States has an income of more than $3,000 a year. 1932-33, however, was a relative- ly lean year. No student reported more than $3,000, only six exceeded $2,500, and 78 spent $1,500 or less. Tuition charges, on the other hand, averaged only $1,007.46 that year, in comparison with last year's $1,- 142.08. And, even with the increas- ed tuition, 16 students were able to keep expenses below $1,500 in 1944- 45. Freshmen customarily spend slightly more than upperclassmen. For clothes, their average last year was $423.75; they spent ap- proximately a dollar more for rec- reation than the group average of 73.42. Recreational expenses do not include the $37.50 worth of food pm-chased outside the dormitory. Award Barn Prizes For Ticket Sales to Three Top Salesgirls Connie Kruger '47, a member of Barnswallow's Acting Committee, has won the first prize of eight dollars in Barn's ticket-selling con- test for Blithe Spirit. Second and third prize winners are Lynn How- ard '49, member of the make-up committee, and Sally Brittingham '48, of the acting committee, who received five dollars and three dol- lars respectively. Prizes were announced by Nickie Passburg '46, Barn's Business Manager. Calendar Thursday, November 1: *8:15 a.m., Chapel. Leader. Virginia A. Groff '46. 4:00 p.m.. Green Hall. Faculty \ sembly Room. Academic Council. •7:"i)-7:30 p.m.. Claflin. Spanish songs. Friday, November 2: »8:1G a.m., Chapel. Leader. Miss Helen T. Jones. •S :30 p.m., Alumnae Hall. Barn- swallows' first fall production: "Blithe Spirit," by Noel Coward. Saturday, November 3: *8:15 a.m., ( Impel. Leader. Mrs. Horton. *8;00 P.m., Alumnae Hall. Barnswallows' first fall production: "Blithe Spirit" Sunday, November 4: *11 :00 a.m.. Memorial Chapel. Preacher. Dr. Rein- In .Id Niebuhr, I'nlon Theological Sem- inary, New York City. Monday, November r.: Service Fund Drive begins. »S:15 a.m., Chapel. Leader. Mrs. Horton. French Songs will he omitted. 7:00-8:00 p.m., Cam- pus Houses. Service Fund Entertain- ments. Service Fund Drive. Tuesday, November (1: *S .15 a.m.. Chapel. Leader. Miss Denklnger. •2:40 p.m.. Founders Hall. Room L'22. Lecture. "Amy Lowell," by David Morton. (English Literature 210). •4 :45 p.m.. Pendleton Hall. Poet's Reading by Rolfe Humohries. (Kath- arine Lee Bates Fund). 7:00-8:00 P.m.. Village Houses. Service Fund Entertainments. Service Fund Drive. Wednesday, November 7: *8:1S b m Chapel. Leader. Miss Robathan. "I :40 p.m., Pendleton Hall. Colored Sound Film "Our .wiphbors Down the Road." departments of Geography and Spanish). '7 :.10 p.m.. Pendleton Hall. Lecture: "American Relief Work in the Near Bast," by Miss Louise Pettlbone Smith of the Bib- lical History Department. (Depart- ment of Biblical History. Christian Association and Service Fund). Thursday, November N: Service Fund Drive. *S-15 a.m.. Chapel. Leader, Irene L. Peterson. '46, 4:40 p.m., Christian Association Lounge, Green Hall. Joint Meeting of International Relations and Domestic Affairs Groups. Open to all members ot the college CForunn). 8:30 p.m.. Horton House. Faculty sh..p club Dinner and Meet- ing. rTHE MOST HONORED 'I-WATCH ON THE C A M P U S WINNER OF 10 WORLD'S FAIR GRAND PRIZES, 28 GOLD MEDALS AND MORE HONORS FOR ACCURACY THAN ANY OTHER TIMEPIECE Scientists' Organization Will Discuss Quotation Of Mary Baker Eddy "One's aim, a point beyond faith, should be to find the foot- steps of Truth, the way to health and holiness." Tlii? citation, from Science and Health, With Key to the Scriptures, by Mary Baker Eddy, will be included in the read- ings at the next meeting of the Christian Science Organization. The meetings are held every Mon- day night at 7:30 in Shakes- peare. All interested are invited to come. Wellesley Grads - (Continued from Page f t ) Corp., Bloomfield, N. J. Mary A. Lee, Assistant in Edu- cational Motion Pictures, Hartley Productions, New York, N. Y. Marjorie Lent (Mrs. S. D. Gar- rard), Technician in Electrocardio- graph & Metabolism Dept., St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago, 111. Harriet H. Lothrop, Transla- tion, Foreign Service, U. S. State Department, Washington, D. C. Mary F. Lyons, Production As- sistant, This Week Magazine, New York, N. Y. Jean Malmstedt, Assistant to Director of Reader Research, Mc- Call Corporation, New York, N. Y. Despina Malakos, Research As- sistant, Climatic Research Labo- ratory, Lawrence, Mass. Helen K. Marchese, Assistant in Coordination & Economics Dept., Standard Oil of New Jersey, New York, N. Y. Jane Marks (Mrs. H. W. Solo- mon), Office Worker, National Citizens P.A.C. (C.I.O.), New York, N. Y. Jocelyn Mason, Assistant in Stardust in yonrTtoimef? We mean "captured Stardust" or RogerS-Gallet dry perfume. Just put some of this pow- dered perfume between two thin layers of cotton and ac- tually tuck it in your"bonnet". It's the cutest surest way of keeping your favorite Roger &• Gollet scent with you all the time. Your hair will be fragrant with "captured Stardust" Six oxcitino scents ...Niohtof Dol.'oht ..Flaured 'Amour.'. BluoCarnation.. Jo»o.. Sandalwood •no'Violotto, pri' •£$1.25. Attend Fall Vespers Sunday Evening November 11, 1945 Poet's Reading Series Opens With Poetry by Winfield Townley Scott Winfield Townley Scott read se- lections from his works in the first of this year's series of Poet's Read- ings in Pendleton Hall, Monday, October 22. The series, made possible by the Katharine Lee Bates Fund, is sponsored by the Department of English Composi- tion and is organized by Miss Elizabeth Wheeler Manwaring, Chairman of the Department. Mr. Scott explained that he would try to "weave a chronological pattern" in his reading, first read- ing poems of childhood, then of gi"owing-up followed by more ma- ture poems of human relationships. Amonpr those illustrative of child- hood he read "The Children," "Kite," "Second Grade," and "A Day of Russets." "The House," "The U. S. Sailor with the Japa- nese Head," "Forgive Me Strang- er," and "To All Objectivists" were typical of the other group. Four books of Mr. Scott's poetry have been published: Biography of Truman, Wind the Clock, The Sword on the Table, and the most recent, To Marry Strangers, is now on sale at Hathaway House. Circulation Dept., Parents' Maga- zine, New York, N. Y. Mary Louise Mayger, Clerk, Texas Oil Co., New York, N. Y. Betty J. McLain, War Worker, Army Signal Corps, Arlington, Va. Alice A. Meeker, Field Worker, Presbyterian Board of National Missions, Chicago, 111. Jean F. Merrill, Feature Writ- er, Scholastic Magazine, New York, N. Y. Elizabeth A. Metz, Outside Claims Adjuster, Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., Boston, Mass. Louise Micklewright, Medical Corps Assistant, W.A.V.E.S. Janet Miller, Research Assist- ant, Pathology Laboratory, New York Lying-in-Hospital, NewYork, N. Y. Margery W. Miller, Office Worker, International News Serv- ice, New York, N. Y. Norma E. Miller, Medical Re- search Technician, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, Mass. M. Jeanne Montgomery, Edu- cation Assistant, McCloskey Gen- eral Hospital, Temple, Tex. Marian Moore, Trainee in Ex- ecutive Training Squad, Abraham & Straus, Brooklyn, N. Y. Jane Paul Class of '47 Flies Plane Air-Minded Wellesley Not Agog at Modern Flight Of Junior News Tryout (Ed. Note: Jane Paul, '1,7, News Tryout, wrote her impressions of her summer flying lesson — ) "Honestly it's getting to be that if you haven't flown, you feel like an anachronism," complained one of my non-aeronautical friends; as I proudly showed her my flight log. I always carry it around just in case someone might want to see it. Wellesley really has gone air- minded, but not all of us are limit- ing our enthusiasm to watching the navy planes play tag around the Tower. Just take the bus to Fram- ingham some Saturday afternoon, for Framingham boasts an airfield in addition to all its other attrac- tions; and you will see how some of us throw our money away on thin air. I came up to college fully ex- pecting to gain campus-wide re- known from my summer flying ac- complishments. But so far almost everyone I have talked to has a minimum of twelve flying hours, to top my eleven and one-half, some have their licenses, and we won't even mention the junior with over sixty hours. Actually, I have only succeeded in impressing a few freshmen, and one junior, who re- torted sulkily, "Well can you ride a bike no-handed, with your feet up on the handle-bars?" It appears that she spent the summer work- ing as a delivery boy in a grocery store. The question that always comes up when flying is mentioned is, "But how did you ever become in- terested in aviation anyway?" There are cynics who claim I learn- ed merely as a new approach to Army Air Corps personnel, but I prefer to think that it was Saint Exupery and pictures of sleek P-38's streaking across the sky that did it. What a blow when I discovered that my clumsy Aeronica was not silver but olive drab, and you don't streak in light planes, you putt, like a small outboard motor. The great- est disillusionment, however, came when I found that it is quite as possible to be sick in a plane as it is ina car or a boat, except that it is windward out both sides com- plicating matters, a great deal. Yet despite all these factors my only comment on flying is still an ecstatic "s'wonderful," and I am trying to convince a deaf family of (Continued on Page 8, Col. 4) ROGER &GAUET K. ALTAIAN & CO. FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORK (Ajummi) u> and/) VKxM with packs of dashing winter smartness in clothes and bug-snug accessories— plus a sleigh-load of gift ideas. See them in our showing at The Wellesley Display Shop Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday November Stll, Of h. 7th WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, NOVEMBER 1, 1945 eUa Hi there! we've just been down to the 'Vil and discovered some very super-elegant shirts and blouses at HILL AND DALE. What with winter coming on every smart Wellesley girl knows she can't possibly manage without a lumberman's black and red plaid shirt. And HILL AND DALE is the place to go to get one. And while you're in the shop better take a peek at their very practi- cal tailored brown or green cotton blouses and their tres gai green and white polka dot numbers. For all around reliability and promptness there's nobody like LE BLANC TAXI. We've been in col- lege for years and years and we've never known them to be late or forget to pick you up. For this efficient service all you have to do is call Wellesley 1600. Best idea in years on how to spend one of those rainy after- noons is to trot over to the CAN- DLEWICK CABIN near the Ford Motor Company and look over their collection of used clothing and furniture. They have some very handy items which may be had for a mere pittance. And that's not all . - - they are very obliging about buying your excess clothes and furniture and thereby saving you from a long, hard, cold win- ter. It's not one bit too early to be- gin to think about what you (alias Santa) are going to do to make your friends' Christmas merry. And if you really want to make it gay as * can be, better pop into MAKANNAS* and look over their marvelous collection of scuffs and mules. There are pink gabardine slippers with fluffy puffs on the toes . . . not to mention the shiny patent leather ones which are devastatingly glamorous. Best of all to our mind are the all white bunny scuffs. But don't take our choice, go in and make your own. Weep those briny tears of wrath no longer. The days of despair over rugs and tea sets which defy wrapping up are a thing of the past. Dry your eyes and take those bothersome items to COLLEGE TAXI COMPANY. They wrap them up and send them home for you for a very nominal fee. We don't like to sound too gloomy, but you've just got to face the facts that this rainy fall weather is going to send little girls who don't wear their rubbers off to the infirmary. If by any chance one of your friends is there, you better assuage her grief with some very nice flowers from FRASER'S in Wellesley Hills. Just call them up and they will send some very gay posies. P.S. They telegraph flowers anywhere any time. Its an old Sanscrit saying that the early bird gets the Christmas worm. This being the case we ad- vise you to hurry right down to HATHAWAY HOUSE and look over their collection of Christmas cards. There's a wonderful selec- tion of cards. Right now you may have your choice of religious scenes, Christmas scenes or cherubic angels. Better hurry though because the supply is very, very limited. PS Be gure not to overlook the feminine, flowered note paper and stationery. BUNNY. Chapline • (Continued from Page 1) ing and logging in certain marked areas, the preserve is allowed to re- create itself and to provide a living not only for those people living on the neighboring lands, but also for the people engaged in the meat and lumber industries. Explaining the use of streams flowing from the watershed lands, Mr. Chapline stated that a steady regular flow must be maintained m these streams which are used for domestic and industrial water sup- plies, hydro-electric power, irriga- tion and to form rivers and lakes for navigation. One of the methods for preventing- erosion and subse- quent floods, he pointed out is to prohibit over grazing and exces- sive lumbering. Geography, Spanish Depts. Sponsor Film "Our Neighbors Down the Road" is the title of a film to be shown at 4:40 p.m. November 7 in Pendleton Hall under the aus- pices of the Departments of Geog- raphy and Spanish. The film was released by the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, and is the record of a 13,000 mile automobile expedition along the Pan American High- way from Caracas, Venezuela, to the Straits of Magellan. It in- cludes a visit to nine South Amer- ican capitals as well as a view of sections of country rarely seen by the average tourist. All mem- bers of the college community are invited. THE PEREGRINATING PRESS Emerson - (Continued from Page 3) son pointed out There were diffi- culties in getting top flight per- sonnel for the administrative staff, and at the moment, there is a vital financial problem concerning the continued allocation of funds. UNRRA is supported solely by contributed funds, and there is no way to force any country to con- tribute. The organization is com- pletely dependent on govern- mental action. "UNRRA is given far-reaching functions, but no di- rect access to the means of ful- filling the needs caused by the functions." Dr. Emerson said. The United States has still not paid its pledge of 55 million dol- lars to UNRRA. It must pay this amount and allocate an additional 1% of its income as of June, 1943 in the next few weeks, if the pro- gram of UNRRA is to be carried out. "If we don't appropriate this money, it will be taken through- out the world as a sign that the United States has turned away from international cooperation," Dr. Emerson concluded. "It would be tragic, and would mean not only starvation for many human beings, the slowing up of the ef- fort to get the world back on its feet, but would be a definite set- back in achieving an international organization." Lubersac - (Continued from Page 7, Col. 1) speech with such effectiveness and They then shaved their hair, chang- ed their clothes and went into hiding." When the SS men demanded them, the camp refused to give them up. "This was the first act of rebellion," Comte de Lubersac de- clared. "It was interesting to watch the incredulous reaction of the SS men. Although angry at not finding anyone, they took no ac- tion." The next day all the Jews were called up to the mustering square, where they were beaten with clubs. Those who couldn't or wouldn't ap- pear were shot. When the rest of the prisoners were summoned for roll-call, 200 machine guns were trained on them. Their decision to stay in the barracks constituted the second act of rebellion. After conferring with the senior German prisoners, the SS men took away their guns. 12,000 men were evacuated that day, 7,000 the next. Camp Evacuated On April 11th, the prisoners learned that the whole camp was to be evacuated by four o'clock that afternoon. Although he knew that those not evacuated would be exterminated, Comte de Lubersac felt that his chances for survival were better if he stayed at Buchen- wald. He and the other remaining prisoners could put up at least a little resistance with the njachine gun, 200 rifles and ammunition that they had smuggled in from nearby factories in the confusion of aliled bombings. "When I was discussing plans with a Luxemberg communist who loathed the Germans and had been at the camp for years, an eerie alarm sounded," said Comte de Lubersac. "I thought it was a stunt of the SS men to make us go up to the mustering square. American Liberation "As I looked out the window, I saw the SS men put on their tin hats and climb into their trenches. They started shooting at nothing. I still didn't believe anything was happening. "Then I saw a cub observation plane cruising overhead, then tanks and jeeps. The SS men fled into the woods as the 11th Arma- ment arrived. It was then 2:30. It by-passed Buchenwald and by chance the German flame-throwers, supposed to bum us all, failed in their mission. In the morning the Perry saw this copy inscription pinned to the bulletin board of a Caz Senior: Be receptive, yet deceptive; Another day, another dollar. » » * In an Education class last week, theories flew thick and fast. An eager Junior waved her hand fran- tically. "Yes, Miss — , an idea?" in- quired the harried professor. "No," replied Miss , "a fly." Shades of cigarette rationing: "Is that yours, Miss Jones?" ask- ed Mr , in a Lit Class, point- ing to a crumpled butt which lay on the floor. "Why, no sir, you saw it first." * • * A poor Sophomore quite over- come in Philisophy 107 by the revolutionary views of Heraclitus and his theory of nothing existing apart from the process, ventured feebly "I like to think of myself as a little more than a process. Said Mr. Proctor, quick to reply, "But you're a very nice process." * * * Wellesley was well represented on Navy Day. A group of Mun- ger girls were inspecting a Navy ship, when Flora Sanders sud- Jane Paul ■ (Continued from Page 7) chat: "But it was a gold ear-ring!" the necessity of owning a plane. Then I can laugh at the no-cars- until-the-end-of - senior - year rule; .but I know as soon as I start they will be mean enough to make it . illegal to land heliocopters in the courts. 80th Division took over Buchen- wald. "The first American to enter the camp was a friend of mine, Major Kerr from New York. He vouched for me and I was able to enlist in the American Army that day." denly spotted a plane executing fancy manouvers above them. The whole crowd was soon craning its necks trying to see this phenom- ena of the machine age — but in vain. The "plane" turned out to be only a hungry seagull. Flora, it seems, is very nearsighted. Perry is still wondering about the Junior and her fiance who after searching all over Boston, Brookline, and parts east to rent a car, met with no success. Undaunt- ed they proceeded to lease a pick- up truck for the weekend and even seemed oblivious of the large blar- ing letters on the door, which are rumored to have read NATIONAL COOLER CORPORATION. It all happened in a hygiene class. The professor was conduct- ing a serious discussion on mental hygiene. After listing a number of serious disorders, she asked the class to contribute a few more. A freshman stood up and said with fervor, "Eager beavers!" Said one Wellesley student to an- other, "Ah, I see you're reading Forever Amber!" Replied the other Wellesley student, "Yes, that is quite correct. I am reading For- ever Amber." Whereupon the first student said, "I've heard about that book, It's just too much." And, replied the second student, "I agree with you entirely, my dear. Too much history." * * * Two Wellesley girls were about to force their way bodily onto the gangplank of a ship — madly wav- ing a clipping giving the public permission to visit destroyers on Navy Day. With difficulty the protesting guard pointed out to the eager young ladies that this was a passenger ship conspicu- ously lacking in bristling guns and replete with portholes. Wellesley Grad Named to Office On N. Y. Courts A Wellesley graduate, Miss Doris Clarke of the class of 1927, has been honored by being the first woman appointed to serve as chief probation officer of the Mag- istrates Courts in New York City. She is also the youngest person ever named supervisor of the 45 probation officers assigned to the courts. Miss Clarke was also graduated from the New York School of So- cial Work. She was a member of the faculty of the American Col- lege for Girls in Greece from 1927 to 1929. After returning to this country, she continued her social science studies. She received the degree of Bachelor of Laws from New Yoi'k University last June and became a candidate for admit- tance to the bar. She was ap- pointed a temporary probation of- ficer in 1935 and became a perma- nent member of the staff in 1937. -0- Mrs. Horton to Meet Service Fund Reps As Plans Approach Climax Arrangements for the Service Fund drive reach their climax to- night when Mrs. Horton will ad- dress Service Fund reps in TZE at 7:30. Service Fund heads have divided the representatives into two groups. One representative in each house will organize pub- licity after the drive. The other member will recanvass the house for delayed contributions through- out the year. In smaller houses the one representative will handle both activities. Service Fund reps not announc- ed last week are Betty Bremer and Jane Miller for Severance, and Patricia Dunham for the commuters. A"\ W \ IV X Gherins 4 \ V V I \ I X It's almost time to hang the Holly Wreath Have you had your Christmas Portrait taken? The most everlasting Christmas Gift to your family or sweetheart. Priced from $15.00 a dozen Studio in Seller's Building -:- Wellesley -:- jrad :fice urts e, Miss of 1927, eing the serve as -he Mag- ark City, t person f the 45 d to the raduated )1 of So- ?mber of can Col- :om 1927 • to this Jr social ived the ws from ,st June >r admit- was ap- ation of- i perma- in 1937.